Blog Articles

Coracobrachialis Muscle Anatomy

The coracobrachialis muscle arises from the tip of the coracoid process. The coracobrachialis muscle may have a conjoint tendon with the short head of the biceps muscle. The coracobrachialis lies lateral to the pectoralis minor muscle.

Dec 3rd, 2019
Motions of the Thumb

The motions of the thumb are complex and are often difficult to visualize, as multiple joints and planes are involved. The motions are crucial to the overall function of the hand, with amputation of the thumb resulting in 40% impairment.

Sep 6th, 2019
Subscapularis Muscle Tear

The subscapularis muscle is a large muscle that originates on the anterior surface of the scapula and lies in front of the shoulder. The subscapularis muscle tendon inserts into the lesser tuberosity of the humerus.

Aug 30th, 2019
Knee Dislocations

Dislocation of the knee is a serious problem. It should be recognized and managed appropriately early.

Aug 23rd, 2019
Brown Sequard Syndrome (BSS)

Brown-Sequard Syndrome results from an injury to one half of the spinal cord as seen in penetrating injuries.

Aug 16th, 2019
Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis

Pigmented villonodular synovitis is sometimes called PVNS. PVNS is a slow growing, benign, reactive synovial proliferation characterized by proliferation of pigment laden histiocytes and giant cells.

Jul 26th, 2019
Ankle Fractures, Minimally Invasive Fixation

Candidates for percutaneous fixation of ankle fractures are immunosuppressed patients, patients with severe soft tissue compromise, patients with diabetes, elderly patients, and patients with peripheral vascular disease.

Jul 19th, 2019
Femoral Triangle

The femoral triangle is a superficial triangular space located on the anterior aspect of the thigh just inferior to the inguinal ligament.

Jul 4th, 2019
Paronychia

Paronychia can be acute or chronic. It is an infection of the nail fold. It is a common hand infection, usually affecting a single digit.

Jun 21st, 2019
Pivot Shift Test

 The anterior cruciate ligament is located in the front of the knee. Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a condition commonly seen in sports usually due to a non-contact pivoting injury.

Jun 7th, 2019
Ankle Fractures Danis Weber Classification

This classification is based on the level of fibular fracture. Fibular fracture that is more proximal indicates an increased risk of syndesmotic disruption and ankle instability.

May 31st, 2019
Osteomyelitis Bone Infection

Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone. It may be an incurable disease. Usually bacteria causes infection in the bone.

May 24th, 2019
Painful Gait, Antalgic Gait

A patient with antalgic gait does not want to spend time on the affected leg due to the pain. The patient wants to get their weight off the affected extremity.

May 17th, 2019
Froment’s Sign

The Froment’s Sign occurs due to weakness of the adductor pollicis muscle, which occurs when the patient has an ulnar nerve palsy.

May 10th, 2019
Reiter's Syndrome

Reiter’s Syndrome is a type of reactive arthritis that happens as a reaction to a bacterial infection in the body.

May 3rd, 2019
Pronator Teres Syndrome

Pronator teres syndrome is a compression of the median nerve at the level of the elbow which occurs more in females.

Apr 26th, 2019
DVT & Virchow's Triad

There are three factors that are thought to contribute to deep venous thrombosis: endothelial injury, venous stasis, and hypercoagulability. Deep venous thrombosis or blood clots form in the deep veins usually in the legs.

Apr 19th, 2019
Serratus Anterior Muscle

The serratus anterior muscle originates on the superolateral surface of the upper 8 or 9 ribs. The muscle inserts into the medial border on the anterior side of the scapula.

Apr 12th, 2019
Spinal Cord Injury

A patient was involved in a motor vehicle accident, and the patient is unable to move all four extremities.

Apr 5th, 2019
Tibial Pilon Fracture

Tibial pilon fractures are high energy axial load injuries. Soft tissue injuries are bad; they can be open or closed fractures.

Mar 15th, 2019
Distal Femur Fracture- Supracondylar Femur Fracture

Supracondylar femur fractures can occur in young patients due to high energy trauma and when it occurs in older patients; it usually occurs due to low energy trauma such as a fall (osteoporotic bone).

Mar 8th, 2019
Anatomical Snuff Box

The anatomical snuff box is a small, triangular depression located on the dorsoradial aspect of the wrist. People use this space for placing and then sniffing the powered tobacco or “snuff”.

Mar 1st, 2019
Compartment Syndrome

Compartment syndrome is an increased pressure in a closed space or a compartment which will result in decreased perfusion and ischemia to the muscles and nerves.

Feb 22nd, 2019
Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries

The medial collateral ligament is one of four major ligaments of the knee. The medial collateral ligament extends from the medial epicondyle of the femur to below the medial condyle of the tibia.

Feb 15th, 2019
Protein S/Protein C Deficiency & Factor V Leiden

The risk of avascular necrosis (AVN) and pulmonary embolism (PE) is increased by having an inherited thrombophilia. This includes protein S or protein C deficiency and Factor V Leiden mutation.

Feb 8th, 2019
Ankylosing Spondylitis & The Spine

There really are a lot of problems when you deal with a patient that has ankylosing spondylitis and has spine trauma or the sudden onset of neck or back pain.

Feb 1st, 2019
Cervical Myelopathy

Cervical spine myelopathy can occur due to compression of the cervical spinal cord at the cervical spine level.

Jan 25th, 2019
Jersey Finger

Jersey finger is an avulsion of the flexor digitorum profundus from its insertion at the base of the distal phalanx.

Jan 18th, 2019
Bunionette

Bunionette is also called “Tailor’s Bunion”. It is a prominence usually at the lateral part of the fifth metatarsal head.

Jan 11th, 2019
Quadratus Femoris

The quadratus femoris muscle originates from the lateral margin of the ischial tuberosity.

Jan 4th, 2019
ACL Tears- Radiological Diagnosis

The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is a strong band of tissue in the center of the knee that prevents anterior translation of the tibia on the femur.

Dec 28th, 2018
Capitellum Fracture

Type I constitutes a large fragment of bone and articular cartilage. Type II is characterized by a small shell of bone and articular cartilage. Type III is a comminuted fracture of the capitellum.

Dec 7th, 2018
Ewing's Sarcoma

Ewing’s Sarcoma, Briefly- Everything You Need to Know

Nov 23rd, 2018
Winking Owl Sign & Beyond

An absent pedicle in the AP view of the spine is a sign of a metastatic tumor to the spine that affects the pedicle.

Nov 9th, 2018
Neck Pain: Causes and Treatment

The neck is composed of seven bones, called vertebrae that Begin in the upper torso and end at the base of the skull

Dec 30th, 2016
Orthopaedic Surgeon First Hand

When we begin to define an Orthopaedic surgeon, We find ourselves lost of words. Where to even begin, to stumble, To walk. A life of an Orthopaedic surgeon is undefinable...

Dec 9th, 2014